The Picos de Europa are a mountain range located in the north of Spain that belongs to the central part of the Cantabrian Mountains. Although not very large, its proximity to the sea makes it prodigal landforms of great interest. Today the National Park Picos de Europa National Park is the second most visited in Spain, after the Teide National Park (Tenerife).
This limestone formation extends by the Principality of Asturias, Cantabria and the province of Leon, and it highlights their heights, in many cases above 2,500 meters, so close that the Cantabrian Sea are therefore at an northern distanced barely 15 kilometers from the sea. Geographically the Picos de Europa in the Cantabrian Mountains line, while considered as a separate unit from it by its more recent formation. Occupy a total area of 64,660 hectares distributed among the three provinces.
The Picos de Europa are divided into three massifs: the western mountains or Cornión, the Massif Central or Urrieles, and Eastern Massif or Andara .
The highest peaks are found in the mountains of the Urrieles, which happens to be the most rugged of the three , as fourteen of its peaks exceed 2,600 m altitude, with the Tower of Cerredo, of 2.6502 m, as the roof of the mountains and third maximum of the Iberian Peninsula, after the Sierra Nevada and the Pyrenees. Another mountain is part of this massif is the Naranjo de Bulnes PICU Urriellu, of great historical importance in the Spanish mountaineering. It was conquered for the first time on August 5, 1904, by Pedro Pidal, Marquis of Villaviciosa, and his fellow climber and guide Gregorio Perez Demaria ” the Cainejo ” natural Shepherd Valdeón Cain. [Citation needed ], ascension is considered as the birth of mountaineering in Spain.